BAAC is currently being implemented in ten African countries: Botswana, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Cameroon, Lesotho, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Ghana; whose activities have been boosted with funding from the UK Department for International Development. The scope of BAAC is pan-African and is expected to increase to between 12 and 15 countries by 2012.

Each BAAC national programme develops consultative working structures through which nationally defined strategies are implemented to improve public service delivery and standards of leadership behaviour. BAAC is formed from previously independent initiatives devised by civil society organisations including businesses and NGOs.

BAAC is developing governance standards and implementation mechanisms towards promoting transparency, accountability and responsibility in terms of the following cross-cutting areas:

Corporate governance and ethics

BAAC uses its collective multi-stakeholder action approach to promote the principles of corporate governance (transparency, accountability, responsibility, fairness, discipline, independence, and social responsibility) in both public and private corporations in Africa. BAAC is involved in research, training and capacity building in terms of corporate governance and ethics.

In South Africa, the AICC is part of the multi stakeholder Public Sector Working Group of the Institute of Director of Southern Africa that provides thought leadership on various thematic areas concerning the governance of public entities in the country.

In Cameroon, the private sector is developing a reform package for company law in cooperation with the Prime Minister's Investment Council towards strengthening transparency and accountability in the public and private sectors.

BAAC Malawi is driving a capacity building programme for Ethics Officers in the country.

Codes of conduct to promote integrity and disclosure of interest

BAAC facilitates the development of integrity codes as a veritable way of promoting transparency and accountability within the public and private sectors as well as ensuring commitment to reform.

In Malawi, a new National Code of Conduct has been developed and endorsed by government and the private sector and is being implemented across the country.

In Botswana, Codes of Conduct dealing with disclosures of interest have been drafted by Botswana Confederation of Commerce Industry and Manpower (BOCCIM) and Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC).

Integrity rating frameworks for the private sector

BAAC is involved in the development of integrity rating frameworks for the private sector that will provide a standardised corruption rating tool against which different organisations can be consistently monitored and compared.

In Nigeria, the Convention on Business Integrity (CBI) has pioneered and implemented an integrity rating system for the private sector and is now developing an ombudsman system for the public to reinforce accountability in the public and private sectors.

BAAC Malawi is also developing a rating framework in conjunction with the Society of Chartered Accountants in Malawi (SOCAM) to ensure that there are tangible benefits pertaining to the National Code of Conduct.

Benchmarking progress regarding anti-corruption measures in Africa

BAAC is undertaking a project to develop a comprehensive benchmarking system for measuring anti-corruption progress in Africa in support of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) process. This project is being led by the AICC.

There has been increasing pressure for the development of a specific instrument or tool on corruption to support the APRM questionnaire and the provision of a specific device for measuring anti-corruption progress that takes the African context into account.

In response to this call from several stakeholders, the project aims to support the APRM process through the development of a continental benchmarking system on corruption that takes cognisance of the issues affecting the African continent and provide a tool to support national and sectoral anti-corruption strategies.

Research, advocacy and dissemination of best practice

BAAC, through its vast network in Africa and internationally, leverages and undertakes various research projects. For instance, AICC in conjunction with the implementing partners of BAAC undertook a research project towards benchmarking anti-corruption best practice initiatives in Africa on behalf of the South African government and the African Union Commission (AUC). The findings of this research project, which profiled twenty-six African countries and presented sixteen case studies, informed the African Forum on Fighting Corruption (AFFC) and the Fifth Global Forum on Fighting Corruption, which were hosted by South Africa in 2007.

BAAC is also involved in the dissemination of best practice through various sources including through its advocacy campaigns at various high level business and investment forums organised by the Commonwealth Business Council. The BAAC website will provide an online collaborative platform for knowledge exchange and information across Africa as well as internationally.



Rohit Badhwar

Program Administrator
Commonwealth Business Council (CBC)

Tel: +44 20 7024 8200
Fax: +44 20 7024 8201

Daisy Kambalame-Kalima

Country Director
African Institute of Corporate Citizenship (AICC)Malawi

Telephone: +265 1 775 766

© 2010 Business Action Against Corruption